Alborz is a mountain range in northern Iran that stretches from the border of Azerbaijan along the western and entire southern coast of the Caspian Sea and finally runs northeast and merges into the Aladagh Mountains in the northern parts of Khorasan. This mountain range is divided into Western, Central, and Eastern Alborz Mountains. The Western Alborz Range (usually called the Talish Mountains) runs south-southeastward almost along the western coast of the Caspian Sea. The Central Alborz (the Alborz Mountains in the strictest sense) runs from west to east along the entire southern coast of the Caspian Sea, while the Eastern Alborz runs in a northeasterly direction towards the northern parts of the Khorasan region southeast of the Caspian Sea. Mount Damavand, the highest mountain in Iran, is located in the Central Alborz Mountains.
This road is one of the oldest roads of Iran which was completed in 1312 S.H. and become functional since than developing a road which would be difficult to pass specially with limited facilities of that time was almost impracticable and it accounted as an engineering masterpiece. The width of this road is very narrow. However, it was sufficient for these day’s traffic.
After construction of this road at that time this road was known as fourth beautiful road of the world. A mountaneous road that is full of bends and curves runs beside beautiful jungle of Hierkani makes a perfect contrast which is a strong motivation for travelling. This was the first road that crosses width of Alborz chain at the shortest distant and after this another road named Haraz was constructed. Another attractiveness of this route is Karaj dam where it’s lake is parallel to chalous road and is one of the beautiful sights of the road. There are many springs and waterfalls along this route.
This building is relic of 7th hijra century at Saljuk era. Tower tomb of Imam’s son Hossein (PBUH) and of the grand sons of Imam Zeinoalaabedin (PBUH). This beautiful and artistic brick built monument has a circular structure and dentil walls. Where it’s dentils are 34 and it’s height is 6m. At the roof of this building a dome was developed. This building was registered as Iran’s national relics.
Other attractivenesses of this village is Sahra Banao bridge. This brick built bridge belongs to safvid era and only it’s two columns and a part of it’s arch has remained.
This dam was operational in 1389 S.H. and it’s construction perpose is controlling spring water of Taleghan Rood and irrigation of Qazvin plain as well as maintain table water of Karaj and Tehran. This dam has a water generator as well. Referring to region’s beauty and mountainous potential, specially in spring and summer, there are very pleasant recreational points around this lake for interested people and many people visit these places specially during holidays.
There are mine creatures such as rainbow trout, Kapour, Zardpar white fish of river, this is a suitable place for fishing. A problem in this lake’s district and other natural places is trash, whereas people do not cooperate in collecting trash. We could note that maybe we return to the place or another person plans to spend leasure time another day on place, so could not make place throw litter away in the area.
This palace was constructed with gross area of 2500 m2 at a plot with 199 hectare area under the order of shams Pahlavi. This structure has modern architecture and has a form consisted of two beton circular shells which are merged into each other and it’s whole ceiling light roof where a spiral part is built on the roof of shams special room. A very beautiful man made lake is developed beside the palace and it has a beautiful land scape.
This building which is registered as Iran’s national relics has been under control of revolutionary guards and used as camping area. But, cultural heritage organization plans to reorganize this palace for public visits.
This park is largest exhibition place of rare and beautiful species of birds. These birds are included water birds, beside water fowls, parrot like birds, birds of prey and a collection of animals that are taxidermic. Park is developed in a plot with 10000 m2 area where embeds a three storey building and an open space with several ponds. Inside birds park, there is a funfair for children.
It can be pointed to restaurants and coffee shops as other facilities of this complex. This park is open for visitors from 8 a.m. to 8 p.m. every day.
This carvansarai probably was built at Shah Soleiman Safvid reign between 1078 to 1109 H.A. total area of the building is 3000 m2 and area of it’s center courtyard is 900 m2 which is constructed under style of four porched structure. Carvansarai entrance is located at north porch and there are 21 chambers around central courtyard. This carvansarai had multiple applications to store merchandise, there are 5 unloading points in this caravansarai.
At first was used as caravanserai and refreshment place of caravans, then at early times of Qajar reign it was used as a Barrack and garrison. Finally, at late Qajar era it’s application changed to first school for farmers and during Pahlavi reign, for some times it was used as a silo. This building has also been used as the office of cultural heritage, recently and now it is a traditional dinning place.
It’s oldness returns to Qajar era and is one of the beautiful and glorious palaces of Fathali Shah reign. The palace was constructed under the order of Soleiman Mirza, son of Fathali Shah and famous architect of Isfahan named Sadr Isfahani designed and built this palace. Above mentioned palace is amongst first buildings which were designed on columned foundation pilot. This rectangular mounument was built on columns and pillars which are made of bricks and has a height of 5.2m from earth level.
There are a main parlour in rectangular from at it’s center where two passing ways exist at west and east sides while two stairways connected to each of these corridors from north and south. Current building of Soleimanieh palace is a little part of Soleimanie complex which is comprised of Golstan building, pavilion, external part and Fathali Shah’s harem, woman’s apartment, Farashabad high rise tower, red door building Angoori garden Farashabad garden, first Baghshah, second Baghshah and Ferdows garden. This building is very important because of internal inbellishemnt and specially two oil paintings on west and east walls. One of these paintings is the image of Agha mohammad Khan and the other is demonstrating Fathali Shah and the people around him. In Fathali Shah’s levee tableau, Soleiman Mirza is demonstrated as a child beside Tavoos throne. This building has been registered in list of Iran’s national relics although, this palace is inside university district people can visit that.
Founder of this place was Mostafa Gholi Bayat, which was named school of "agriculture" and begins it’s operation in this field, the current museum was inaugurated under the attempts of late professor Jalal Afshar and ministry of agriculture at the same location in 1309 S.H. and is continuing it’s activities under management of Tehran university from 1324 S.H. up to this date.
Karaj zoology museum has two storeys and 17 galleries. In this museum many different species of animals and water life creatures such as Persian Gulf’s littlefish, corals, starfish, all kind of ticks, butterflies and tarantulas can be watched. In addition to this, 30 thousands insects species and five thousand species of ticks make the museum, one of the most considerable entomology museums of the country. Karaj’s zodogy museum is not limited to demonstrating as training labs, research center, taxidermy room, imaging room? Specified library. Student and pupils can visit this museum up on previous appointment.
Karaj to Chalous route is beside this bridge at eastern side and the new bridge is located at city entrance at southern flank. Oldness of this bridge probably returns to saljuk era. Length of the bridge is 20.61m and it’s width is 8.80m, in building of this bridge brick. Motor of plaster lime and ash or sand era used and the bridge is paved by stone at it’s traffic surface. Old Karaj bridge was previously a connection route between Rey and Tehran with Qazvin and west of country.
This bridge has two arches one of which is large and another one is smaller and between these two arches, a voluminous pillar is build where there are two chambers inside the pillar. Eastern base of the bridge is leant to a rock of proximate mountain and it’s western foundation is also leant to a rock at the wall of valley.
Meidanak tomb tower or Tahmineh tower is burial location of one of the castle’s founders or a member of Padoospan family who was the governor of Rooyan district from 1005 to 1045 A.H. and was built during eight and nineth Lunar calander. This building has an octagonal design with a conic dome where aporch was developed at one side of the building. The inner space of structure is originally square and the internal embellishments of top of the walls and near ceiling are on an octagonal design which gradually changes to circular pattern and finally makes the ceiling look circular.
External elevation of building as alter type decorations works as projection at the top of ornamental. This tower is made of stone and Sarooj A mixture of lime gypsum and ash or sand which is gradually absorbed by carbonic anhydride and it’s lime gradually changes to strong lime store and is used as building material and it’s overall appearance looks like Mongols era buildings. Architectural style of this structure, put it in ranking of seventh Hejra century’s tomb towers.
Considering architectural form of monument and found thenwares in this place, it’s probable the oldness of relic returns to different periods of history included Ilkhanate, Teimoori and Safavid each of the domes was built at different period. Shrine structure is consisted of three square walls which has a dome ceiling without stem and at the several parts of arches, very beautiful wall paintings have been developed two walls, the wooden and eroded shrines are seen and in period one of the shrines is ruined and abandoned completely.
This tomb because of it’s three elevated domes is known as "three some shrine". Rahman is assigned to be a grand son of Imam Jaafar Sadeq (PBUH) however, there is not any written pedigree of that.
Opening of this cave has 6.5m width and 3m height, which is located opoosite to northeast direction. The cave is a lime cave and because of it’s location at high land and existence of numerous slits cracks over it, falling and flowing water from mountains above the cave freez due to cold climate and make icicles and because of the volume and length of these icicles wide lime structures, the appearance of the cave is very significant. This cave has 4 storeys which are located where each other to make an axis of 30m length.
At third floor of it which is accessible after descending through a 20m well, there is a permanent frozen waterfall. Degree of difficulty A conversational measure determine caves passing ways difficulty. It’s rated to 4 from easy to very difficult respectively. Another termined this measure by cooperation of spelunkers and teleology society to characterize Iran’s caves and is inventinaol. However, in foreign countries caves have also been classified with similar measures. According to their measure, there is not any cave at degree in Iran and the most difficult to access cave Iran is Prav cave which is 3rd at ranking. Because technical considerations, entery to this cave is not recommended for public. The best visiting period of this cave is late Esfand up to Khordad.
This garden is one of the centers of growing tulip flower and there are tulip festival holds in May every year. In this garden, more than 30 different species of tulip and one million tulip bulbs are produced and multiplied.
In these times of year interested people can visit flower garden from 9 a.m. to 6 p.m.
One of the most important pist of Iran is Dizin which has 3 routes for gondola lift, 2 ski lift, 23 pists and seen saucer ski lift and hammer ski lift together with grass skiing slope that is host of people who are interested in ski and other summer and winter sports. Dizin pist has advantage of facilities for training and tennis courts, volleyball, children play ground, grass ski pist and proper heights for hiking, mountain climbing and horse riding.
Other than these, it has resort facilities such as 2 hotels, 19 chalets and 5 restaurants.