East Azerbaijan

Population: 3,9 million

East Azerbaijan is located in Iranian Azerbaijan, bordering with Armenia, Republic of Azerbaijan, Ardabil Province, West Azerbaijan Province, and Zanjan Province. The capital of East Azerbaijan is Tabriz. East Azerbaijan province is an industrial centre of Iran. East Azerbaijan province has over 5000 manufacturing units. Some of the major industries in East Azerbaijan are glass industries, paper manufacturing, steel, copper and nepheline syenite, oil refinery, petrochemical processing facilities, chemical products, pharmaceutical processing, foundries, vehicle and auto-parts industries, industrial machines, agricultural machine, food industries, leather and shoe industries. East Azerbaijan has an excellent position in the handicraft industry of Iran, which has a large share in the exports of the province. Tabriz carpets are widely known around the world and in international markets for their vibrant designs and colors. At present there are about 66,000 carpet production units in the province, employing some 200,000 people. The annual production of these carpets is roughly 792,000 m², which comprises more than 70% of Iran’s carpet exports . 35% of all Iranian carpets are produced in East Azerbaijan. East Azerbaijan province is also one of the richest regions of Iran in natural minerals , with 180 mines in 1997 , of which 121 units are currently in operation.


Tabriz great historical bazaar

  Is located in Jomhouri street in Tabriz city center

This bazaar is a collection of arcades, commercial warehouses, vestibules, bazaar main entrance, four souks, an open space, small bazaars, mausoleum, a hammam, a school, theatre of passion plays, a mourning house, a palestra, an ice house and several caravan serais. This bazaar is the greatest brick build covered and roofed structure in the world which is consisted of 26 khans and commercial warehouses, 20 arcades, 30 passage ways, 2 four souks, 21 vestibule, 2 bazaars, 1 open space, 8 small bazaars, 8 gates, 27 mosques, 3 tombs, 6 schools, 1 palestra, 2 libraries, hammams and 1 ice-house

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Tabriz historical bazaar is consisted of some large and different components which are gathered and for a long time up to this date has been a promoting factor in business. From a historical point of view, some historian such as Moghaddassi, Yaghoot Homavi, Marcopolo, Ibn Batuttah, Hamdollah Mostoufi, Klavikhou, John Kart Wright and Sharden wrote about this bazaar that shows its anquity. Economic role of this bazaar is very distinct and explicit in it’s province. This bazaar sustained a lot of damages during an earthquake in 1193 A. H. but revamped very quickly due to people's contributions. The largest dome of bazaar is the dome of Amir arcade and the most beautiful arcade is Mozaffarieh arcade. Amin bazaar is currently considered as a main wholesale market of gold Jewellery. Mozaffarieh arcade is also one of the centres of carpet trading of Tabriz.


Constitutional House

  Is located in Motahari street in Tabriz in west of Bazzar

This house was built in 1247 A. H. by Haj Vali a Tabiz born architecture by order of Haj Mirza Kouzeh Kannani. It’s area is 930 m and the style is Qajar consisting of two storeys and a pleasand courtyard. These two storeys included 6 rooms and a large passage way. The most beautiful part of this building is the passage way of the Second Hoor embracing Wooden interlaced doors and windows with colored glasses. This house was a place for constitutional leaders such as Sattar Khan Bagher Khan. To arrange thar conventions during and after constitutional era.

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Haj Mirza Kouzeh Kannani was a famouse businessman of Tabriz who joined constitutionalists at the beginning of constitutional movement and was one of the financier of them. This building was registered as Iran's national monuments in 1975. In 1996 it was named constitutionalist museum which means documents and works of this era are exposed to interested visitors.


Azerbaijan Museum

  Is located in Immam street in Tabriz near Kabood mosque

This Museum is the second historical museum of Iran after National museum having 2400 mz substructure in three storeys and 3 halls, administration rooms and a library which inaugurated in 1336 S.H. In these halls three museum of anthropology, archeology and constitution are exposed to visitors. At the ground floors hall diversified terracotta and bronze works of before fifth millennium are exhibited along with some works of 11th Hijra century moreover, come memories of constitutional era Are demonstrated on the first floor.

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At the basement 's hall, same status which were created by Ahad Hosseini are kept.


Municipality Building (clock Tower)

  Is located in Shahdari squar in Tabriz

This monument wad built by German engineers for Baladieh or municipality. Plan of this building is the same as German buildings preceding WWII. It’s elevation is made of cut stone and is a symbol of Tabriz city. At the highest point of the building, there is a large rectangular clock tower with a height about 30m which its clock rings once every is minutes.

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This building has become operational as city museum municipality since 1386 S.H. and is opened for visitors since then.


Aynehloo monument

  Is located 155 Km of Jolfa in Jolfa and Khoda Afarin road from Asheghloo fork to Kalibar near Aynaloo bin village in the middle of beatiful Arrasbaran Jungle

This Museum is the second historical museum of Iran after National museum having 2400 mz substructure in three storeys and 3 halls, administration rooms and a library which inaugurated in 1336 S.H. In these halls three museum of anthropology, archeology and constitution are exposed to visitors. At the ground floors hall diversified terracotta and bronze works of before fifth millennium are exhibited along with some works of 11th Hijra century moreover, come memories of constitutional era Are demonstrated on the first floor.

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 At the basement 's hall, same status which were created by Ahad Hosseini are kept.


Kabood Mosque

  Is located in Immam Khomeini street in Tabriz, this mosque has been constructed in 870 L.H.

This mosque has been built in 870 A.H. it’s one of the historical mosques of Tabriz city which is built at Qaraquoyonloo era during Jahanshah governorship by his Daughter's order. This work is consisted of a collection of diversified structures as mosque tomb, school, Hammam, Abbey, but unfortunately during earthquake occurrence in Tabriz in 1193 A.H. most of it’s structure was demolished and a main part of it’s valuable sections was looted during it’s repairment operations. Repairment was terminated in 1343 S.H.

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This mosque is still one of the beautiful monument of Tabriz and as it’s distinctions are inlaid sections with mosaic and composite of brick and mosaic in a beautiful style.


Poets Cemetery

  Is located in saghatol eslam street of Tabriz

This cemetery is one of the historical graveyard of Tabriz and was burial place of many famous people for some time in the past. This work in course of time and due to earthquake was going to become abandoned, but fortunately in 1350 S.H. a memorial was designed and constructed for this. Now, poets cemetery is one of the symbols of Tabriz city, More than 400 poets and Gnostics have rested in this place from 800 years ago.

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Great people such as Khaghani Shervani, Assadi Toosi, Anvari, Saghatol Islam Tabrizi and Ostad Mohammad Hossein Shahryar.


Aers free zone

  Is located in 135 Km north of Tabriz in northwest border of Iran

This zone with 51 thousands hectares area has common border line with Armenia, Azarbaijan and Nakhjavan autonomous republic. The cities of Julfa, Khoda afarin, Noordooz and Gholi beegloo are located at this region. Aras free zone has many natural and historical attractiveness in addition to economical allure which make this region, one of the ost viewable points in North West district of country. Among the most important historical places of thus free zone, are Saint stupendous church, Nanny Marry church,Shephered or Pastor church, Aynehloo monument, historical complex of kordasht (consisted of 10 historical places) Khajeh Nazzar carvansarai, Julfa old hammam and old historical bridges of khoda afarin furthermore.

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There are diversified natural allures in this distinct. One of the most natural attractiveness odd districts is areas territorial river. This high current river is northern border line of Iran and a territorial road is constructed parallel Top River. Location of this road along river makes this road itself tourism attractiveness. As another natural allure, it can be pointed to aras Geopark. This beautiful geological region has 5 geosites. This park is now accomplishing stages of acquiring global geopark license from UNESCO, to become the second global geopark of Iran after Qeshm Island's geopark. A part of Arasbaran beautiful jungles is also located in this district and extends its natural diversity. However, there are other attractiveness's such as waterfall of demolished windmill, lake of Khodaafarin dam, Kiamakyprotected region.


Lake of Uremia

  Is located in west of Azarbayejan from north to south

Because of its high value of ecological features, Uremia Lake has been selected as biosphere reserve by UNESCO. During recent years, because constructing a sequence of dams at upper lands and ignoring lake primary water level and also exploding underground waters immethodically, there is drought threat for this lake. Lake's water is very salty and is in saturated phase. There are about 102 isles in small and large dimensions within Uremia lake where five of them: Islamic Shahi Kaboodan Ghoyondaghi, Ashk daghi, Spiro and Arezoo are located at political territory of East Azarbayjan.

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Regarding aquatics it’s important to point to a kind of crustacean named Artmia, Birds species of this Lake mainly are white pelican, flamingo, choobpa and avoust. From Golman khaneh port it’s possible to visit the lake by ship. Unfortunately, if the same procedure of low water and doughtiness, continues then salty winds not only affects proximate provinces but also influence many provinces such as Tehran. We must be hopeful that by collective rationality and persuasive actions this problem would be solved.


Sahand Mountains

  Is located in center of Azarbayejan in between of Tabriz, Marraghe, Azarshahr and Bostan Abad

This mountain is a part of Alborz range of mountains and consisted of and summits of above 3000m, where the highest is mount Ghooch Goli Dagh. With 3707 m height. Sahand is a symbol of Azarbayjan's nature and many mountain climbers travel to this province annually in order to climb these beautiful peaks of region's beautiful natural landscape which is spring and summer and has very attractive flower beds considered another attractiveness of traveling to Sahanad foot.

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Beauty of this mountain is so high that it’s called bBride of Iran's mountains two mountains of Sabalan In Ardebil province and Sahand are important heights of Iran's North West territories.


Kandoowan natural historical village

  Location?

A stone built village which it’s antiquity backs to seventh Hijra century. However, it’s possible that beginning of human life in this village backs even to before Islam era. Houses of this village were carved in heart of igneous hills which were formed by Sahand volcano. There are also storeys in houses design where first floor is typically barn and upper floors for residence, even four storey houses with same style were constructed in this village.

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There are three rock stone villages like this in the world whereas the two others are in turkey, U.S but those two are completely abandoned while normal life is going on in Kandoowan village and this one is lively around the village feritailepastures are seen which are habitat of tribes. There is a source of mineral water and due to its very low hardness of water. People believe it’s very useful for renal diseases. This village is one of the most important attractiveness of international tourism in the province and registered in list of national works, there is a suitable hotel for tourists in this village.


Ghoorigol Swamp

  Is located in 35 Km south east of Tabriz abad in Tabriz and Tehran road old road and in Bostan abad 15 Km from Bostan abad near Imanab village area

This swamp has triangle shape and an area of 200 hectares which located among hills and dales. Sources of this swamp are surface waters sources of its underground space. It’s water is not salty and is one of the registered swamps at Ramsar convention. Height of its water surface is 1890m above sea level. This swamp is very beautiful and suitable place for growth of 280 plant species and 92 waterside birds including very rare and scarce such as white duck.

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A plan to grow and harvesting fish is implemented in this swamp, since this swamp is near Tabriz. It has a special rank in tourism but it is without any tourism facilities equipment.


Babak Castle of Kelibar city

  In 50 Km north of Ahaar 7 Km from Kalibar in Arasbaran Jungle

Access way to this castle is a mountainous path. This castle is fort of Babak Khorram Deen, a historical commander of Iran who started his revolution from this fort in third Hijri century. However , it’s probable that Babak castle was constructed at Sassanian dynasty era and then. After that some attachments were added to the primary construction. Babak Khorram Deen revolted against Abbasi Caliphs and this fort was his governorship base. This castle is located at a highland mountain at 2300 to 2700 above sea level and valleys with depth of 400 to 600 meter surround this fort

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It’s only possible to access the fort through a very difficult to pass pathway. At distance of 200m to castle's rampart, there is a very narrow corridor only for one person to pass. Because of this it was impossible to conquer fort and a few soldiers could defend this castle against a great host. The castle is built by deception sham whereas his 22 year resistance was collapsed this work is registered in Iran's National Monuments list. The passage way to access castle is now beside Babak hotel . There are two paths get to the castle, one is the jungle track which takes 2 hours mountain climbing and is suitable for the youth and mountain climbers . Another access path is using local station cars that is available in the parking lot of Babak hotel and take visitors to castle nearby through a dirt road a few kilometers length. Then after leaving car it takes about half to one hour depending on walking speed to get to the castle.


Arasbaran Jungles

  Is located in 75 km from Karaj in Karaj Chaloos road

The extend of this protected area is 72460 hectares in 1350 S.H. this region was announced hunting prohibited region and as protected region in 1352 S.H. in 1355 S.H. due to region's richness in vegetation coverage and fauna specially black rooster which is one of the world's rare bride types. It was listed as biosphere reserve. This region is influenced by two climates: Caspian climate from north Mediterranean climate from south and because of this it has a diversified climate.

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Region's environment is mainly mountainous with forest vegetation coverage, pastures and meadows, having a very beautiful natural view and landscapes it maybe pointed to antelope goat, brown bear, wolf, black ear, fox, hare, leopard and 103 brid species as this region faunas. Another attractiveness of this region is Aras free zone within region. It can be pointed to Republic castle on the stone peak known as Republic summit of mountain which was Babak Khorramdeen's base in third A.H century, now located at 7 km distance from southwest of Kelibar city.


Makeedi wild life park

  Is located in 27 Km from Kalibar in Babak castle road and in Arasbaran Jungle

This forest zone has beautiful, eadows and trees such as walnut, cornelian cherry. Furthermore there are plenty of medical herbs such as thyme which are accounted as attractiveness of travel to this region. There are some alcoves for traveler's temporary stay which make these place similar recreational places.

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This route for hiking in a day is very suitable because it’s near Tehran. Water from this waterfall pours into Jajroud River.A part of access road to this location is dirty dusty.


East Azerbaijan Church Complex (Saint Stepantus)

  In 7 Km west of Jolfa near Dare Sham village at Ghezel Vatak zone in a beautiful valley

From a historic point of view, this complex is rating after Taodous church and it’s building dates from ninth century. This church is named after Stepanous who was a pastor, stoned to death by Jews. It was constructed after his memory. Building is generally shaped as a cross. It’s structure is a cylinder with a conic dom at it’s top and its circumference is fenced by. Dry stones and is consisted of three sections: Court prayer precinct hexadecagon or a 16 sided polygon dom and Daniel fireplace.

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The Court has a very beautiful wooden door of 1.5 × 2.5 meters which is carved under Qajar dynasty and included large metal studs on the carved surface. A decorated studs on the carved surface. A decorated vaulted roof is also adorning court. The Altar is 96 cm higher than prayer court's floor and is tiled by marble stones. Hexadecagon dome has 16 sides in the shape of a series of vaulted roofs including zigzag forms arches. The belfry located at southern section of building is built on four columns and embossed patterns on bell demonstrate archangel. Star medallion and octagonal flower. The Landscape around the church is a very beautiful recreational area. Complementary description: Other churches that are included in East Azarbayjan province’s list and are also mentioned in UNESCO list since some of these churches are listed in West Azarbyjan province are Mother Mary (Nanny Maryam) church and pastor church. Nanny Maryam church is located at 15 Km west of Julfa in Dareh Sham village. At the bank of Aras river. This church was built in 1518 A.D. Other names of this church are Saint Sarkiss and Saint Mary church. The Building has rectangular shape with 540m area. Four stone columns which are cubic in form are located at the centre of it’s plot and dome with twelve light guides that are located at the center point of columnar form which is completely stone built. Walls are constructed by dry stones and the inner side of walls is covered with plaster and decorated by paintings. On the portal of the church's entrance hall, there are cut stones as ornaments. Saint Mary church is managed by Armenian Caliphate Council of Azabayjan. This place is not open for visitors all the time and it is utilized only once a year at the religious ceremonies. Pastor church: This church is located at a distance of 6 Km from Julfa city at heights of a village named Dareh Sham at the side of the border road with Turkey. This church was built in 1836. Since it was place for Armenian shepherds who lived in Dareh Sham: another name of this place is Nakhirchi church. It has a rectangular general plot at dimensions of 5.7 × 7.7 meters and from inside shaped dom at the center of the cross which has a long stem with four light guides. Inner Surface of this building is covered by plaster and without any masonries. At the west of the structure there is remaining of a corrupted building that probably was a part of the church building. There were cross shaped stones as fences around church which were in Tabriz museum.


Maragheh’s Red Dome

  Is located in Joudi Abad in south east of Marraghe

This tower was built in s42 A.H. at Seljukian era under the order of Abu Ez Abdul Aziz Bin Mahmood Bin Saad Yadimollah as text of an inscription that is located at northern side of tower. Like other historical tombs, this tower also consisted of two storeys and the most significant features of it’s brick ornaments and composit of those with mosaic, arabesque plaster works and brick epigraphs of it’s four sides which are the starting point of Azari architecture style may be pointed out.

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This tower and a sun dial that is located at the wall of courtyard, all are situated inside a large and green environment. To point out another tower of Maragheh city, Kabood dome and Maragheh circular dome which are next to each other would be significant.


Maragheh Observatory

  Location?

According to historical texts, it’s building was done under the order of Hollakoo khan and contributions of Khajah Nassirolldeen Toosi the great Iranian scientist. It’s construction took is years, however and some scientists such as Ghotboldeen Fakhroldeen Maraghi, Mohiodeen Maghrebi. Contributed to finish construction. This complex is consisted of different parts whereas the most important ones are observatory, Central tower, five fold circular units and library. Maraheh observatory had been constructed 157 years before Samargha observory building date.

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Considering astronomic activities at that time, it may be stated. That Maraheh observatory is not only the most complete observatory up to that date, but also is the first equipped observatory before invention of telescope and all information which are acquired without using telescope were found there, even there was not any observatory in west to compete with and is equipped like this after 300 years. During recent years a dome was constructed to cover remainings of central tower. One of interesting points regarding Maragheh observatory is it’s building date. Considering Mongolian invasion to Iran and demolishing consequences of their attacks not only to Iran but also to many Asian and even some European countries, it’s very surprising that this building was accomplished at same time. For sure and certainly it’s owed to a clever scientist such as Khajan Nassiroldeen Toosi who could arrange financing of required expenditures of building observatory through a specified intelligence from a Tatar governor remaining books From Mongolian destruction. Moreover, He also assembled those scientists who survived from Mongolian invasions in this place and make It an scientific centre of those days. Although today, this odservator has not any role in amateur and professional astronomy of Iran but acknowledgement about Iranian role in astronomy is honourable for all and would be a solution for people who find solving for peole who find solving astronomy problems difficult.


Fossils Plain of Maragheh

  Is located in 20 Km from Marraghe in Shalilvand Village area

This region has international popularity and is known as paradise of taphonomists Millions of years ago at second and third geological periods, Maragheh was habitat of huge animal's periods. Maragheh was habitat of huge animals before eruption of Sahand volcano. Discovered fossils of 32 mammal species and 2 bird species are evidence for this finding. This region's area is extended to thousands hectare where about 1026 hectares of that are protected by Environment protection Organization as natural national fossil effect of Maragheh.

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Many discovered fossils of region are preserved in Wien, Paris, and London and Losangeles universities. The first museum of paleontology and fossil will be constructed in Maragheh in the future to preserve all discovered works there.

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