General information

About the habits and culture of Iran

Because of its long history and as a central point between East and West, Persia has developed a rich culture. On this page you can read about the food, clothing and climate in Iran.


Persia, also known as Iran (official name: the Islamic Republic of Iran) is located in West-Asia and shares land borders with Turkey, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Afghanistan, Pakistan and Iraq. It is bordered to the south by the Persian Gulf and to the north by the Caspian Sea. Tehran is the capital city and largest city and urban area of Iran. The current population of Iran is around 80 million people. With an area of 1648.000 square kilometres Iran is almost 40 times bigger than the Netherlands and ranked the eighteenth largest nation in the world.

Art and Culture

Basically, there are no vaccinations required. However, vaccinations against hepatitis A, typhoid and DTP are recommended. Consult your doctor ahead of time and/ or contact the GGD for the latest information or visit


The official language of Iran is Farsi, also known as Persian. However, the country has a variation of dialects and accents throughout the different cities.


Iran has one of the most detailed cuisines in the world. Herbs and rice are the basic ingredients of most dishes. For the vegeteraians there is also some choices. A lot of the ingredients that are used are organic as there is a lot of production in Iran. Importation to Iran is very limited.


Persia is one of the oldest nations in the world with lots of artistic treasures from its pre-islamitic and islamitic existence. Persia has an ancient rich culture which finds its origin in the Persian empire. Persian art includes many disciplines such as architecture, calligraphy, painting, weaving, pottery, stone masonry and much more. Persia has many cultural higlights of priceless beauty such as the Achaemenid reliefs in the old town of Perspolis to the modern bridge that has recently been built in Tehran (pol-e-tabiat). The poetry in Persia has flourished more than a millenium and is highly regarded and emulated in many countries outside of Persia. It has many world-known poets like Hafez, Rumi and Ferdosi. During the excursion you will get to know this variety of art and culture in person.

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