Hormozgan is located in the south of Iran, bordering the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman on the south and bounded by the ostāns of Būshehr and Fārs on the west and northwest, Kermān on the east and northeast, and Sīstān-e Balūchestān on the southeast. The province was named after Hormuz, an 8th-century principality on the Rūdkhāneh-ye (stream) Mīnāb, later abandoned for a new site, subsequently named Hormuz, on the island of Jarun. Bandar Abbas, the capital of the ostān, was founded by Abbas I the Great in 1622 and was conceded with the adjoining territory to the Sulṭan of Muscat (Oman) in 1793; it remained part of this sultanate until 1868. The region was controlled by the South Persia Rifles, organized by Major Percy Sykes as a counter to the Russians, during World War I. Hormozgān was part of former Banāder va Jazayer-e Khalij-e Fars va Darya-ye Omān ostān until the mid-1970s. Forming part of the wider physiographic region of Tangistan, the Zagros highlands in Hormozgān rise from the Persian Gulf with no intervening coastal plain. Ridges front much of the coast and have produced a coastline with few indentations. Farther east, near Bandar Abbas, are numerous salt domes; some reach altitudes of 1,200 metres. The main streams are the Mīnāb and the Kui, whose small size and deeply indented valleys have reduced the possibility of irrigated agriculture and the occurrence of natural pastures. There is cultivation of barley, wheat, rice, tobacco, indigo plants, dates, mangoes, and vegetables. Goats, sheep, and camels are raised. Development of Bandar Abbas as a major port in the 1970s led to the establishment of many industries, including a cement unit, electricity-generation plant, a steel mill and desalination plant, food-processing units, and fisheries. Salt, iron ore, copper, and sulfur are mined. Roads emanate from Bandar Abas and connect it with ports on the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman; a railway route links it with the Trans-Iranian Railway at Kermān.
Oldness of this mosque returns to Zandieh era is the first principal mosque that is constructed in Bastak city. Original building was conducted by Ostad Mohammad Saleh Maammar under financial donation of a person who called Bibi. This mosque has been repaired and revamped in several phases, so far. This monument is a stone structure with gypsum and mortar of lime stone and ash Sarooj which are major materials of it’s construction.
Elevation of mosque is circular surfaces with some depressions with diameter of one meter where there are flower patterns inside the circles. One of the main features of this building is it’s magnificent cornices and moldings. There are very expertise moldings inside the mosque with oldness of Zandieh era. Currently, this historical mosque is abandoned and is seen such as a ruin.
Generally, travelers to Qeshm Island, also visit Hengam Island. It be lucky, watching dolphins at region of this island is one of the attractiveness’s of Persian Gulf. It’s silver coastline is beautiful scenery of this island where some local residents of these villages are busy in producing and selling marine handicrafts. Crocodile park of Nowpek also is located in this island.
This park farm is functioning as dealer of crocodile related products, supplying live crocodile, taxidermy for research centers, universities and other allowed institutions without legal prohibitions. Exhibition component of this farm is open to visit crocodiles for public from 7 a.m. to 5 p.m.
Area of this island is 91k . Surface of this island has not any particular topographic phenomenon such as mountains even a high rise hill. Because of it’s location at hot and shallow waters of Persian Gulf where high humidity and damp weather has most of the year, it has marine climate. Kish Island has been center of attention from Achaemenids era always accounted as one trading centers. Currently, the island is one of the recreational tourism points of Iran and has suitable infrastructures facilities for travel.
Harrireh ancient city: at north part of island, inside an area of 120 hectares, remnants of an old city are notable which has remarks of prevalence of this island at previous periods of history.
Kariz underground city: considering oldness of Kish Island, subterranean waters had a major role in maintaining resident’s water needs water systems. One of these water supplies where is repaired and prepared to be visited by public as a recreational seeable complex is this underground city. Temperature of inside city’s tunnels is between c to c all around the year. Greek ship: it’s a stranded ship which is in this location from 1345 S.H. and makes a beautiful image in front of interested people’s eyes. Traditional cistern: This cistern has been constructed in 1372 S.H. by observing traditional architectural designs patterns and using 5 winds traps at vicinity, of Harrireh city. Particular architecture of this structure is very seeable interesting for tourists. There are required facilities for numerous sports recreational activities in Kish island, where can be pointed as: Dolphin park or Dolphinarium, birds garden, diving training, jet ski, water ski, speed boating, parasail parachute, jet boat, pleasure fishing boat, cycling buggy. It’s worth nothing that one of the longest cycling tracks of world is in Kish Island. This cycling track is more than 51 km where encompasses island’s circumference.
This bridge has been constructed at Safavid era by order of First Shah Abbass. At those days, Portuguese has occupied south part of Iran and this bridge was built in order to military expedition to those regions. Materials which used in construction of this bridge are irregular shape stones and mortar. This bridge with 1000m length and 233 arches is the longest historical bridge of Iran.
Occurrence of flood in 1371 S.H. made this bridge where was have been laid under sediments to become exposed. Width of bridge is 6 m and it’s length is three times compare to Isfahan’s See O Se Pole Bridge. About 33 arches are fit and by considering flow of water under the bridge, to save one of the masterpieces of Iran’s architecture it need urgent and increasing to be repair and revamp.
This monument has been constructed in 1310 A.H. by donations and gifts of Indian merchants. This temple is constructed because of Indian residence in this region that has been engaged in different businesses and when they left Iran, took the idols of temple with themselves. This monument currently is under management of cultural heritage organization as an historical relic.
Area of building is about 100 and included a central four sided room with a wooden altar at north side, three chambers at north side, a chamber and stairway of dome at west side two chambers at south part where in larger chamber, people burn aloes perfumed sticks. At east side, there also is a large hall where is assembly parlor and has various paintings. These beautiful paintings unfortunately are decaying completely in course of time. Beautiful dome which is located over main hall and its surrounding cornices and 72 small towers where ornamented with lotus flowers patterns are exposed.
Oldness of this hammam returns to Qajar era where in 1320 S.H. Was repaired under Haj Ahmad Galadari attempts. In constructing this building, the most used materials are sponge marine stones, local Sarooj and hand prepared gypsum. It’s floor is stone paved. Hammam has different parts such as dressing room, apodyterium, warm house, warm pool and five small large domes.
Heating system of hammam is included fuel store, furnace, boiler, chimneys and trench of collecting ashes. Water of hammam has been maintained by a well with 10m depth. This hammam has been a long time abandoned where by endeavors of cultural heritage organization become museum of anthropology.
Water of this spring is classified as very hot with c and sulfurous type. By developing required facilities, it was provided suitable conditions for public to have benefits of healing effects of this hot spring and also spending leisure times. This complex is consisted of two separates pools for men women and Jacuzzi. A residential complex with 23 rooms also is beside hot spring in order to host travelers.
Recreational facilities such as alcoves, traditional restaurant and leisure park for spending time also available in this place. Surrounding district of this spring is full of palm trees is green.
This mountain is located at southeast line parallel Zagross mountains range. Gennow protected zone with area of 49000 hectare where is one of the reservoir biospheres of Iran is located in this region. General view of region is mountainous and it’s access road also is asphalt sharp ascending road with numerious turns where brings cool and pleasant climate. There are summer places in these mountains such as kahnooj, Kashan garden Chahoo.
This mountains although are near Bandar Abbass city but have very agreeable pleasant mountain climate where is a recreational place for local residents. Near the base of environment watchmen, of Gennow, there are alcoves for interested people to rest.
Oldness of this building returns to Qajar era where was built by order of one of the famous merchants of Bandar Lengeh city whose name was Late Haj Abdulvahed Fekkri. This house is placed at height of 5 m over ground in order to have better capability of ventilation. Area of house is 2600 and 1200 is under building with 5 air traps, 2 basements, 25 rooms and central courtyard. House is equipped with in renal and external apartments.
House is equipped with in renal and external apartments. This structure with it’s high rise air traps and beautiful appearance of those, is one of the most original models of architecture of south of Iran. Currently, it’s functioning as office of cultural heritage in Bandar Lengeh and is registered in list of Iran’s national relics.
Height of this waterfall is 25m. Around this waterfall where it’s origin is a spring at it’s upper level, abundant of palm trees are available that are irrigated with the same water flow. Remnants of a waterfall are placed beside waterfall.
This region is one of the recreational places in province.
It’s the largest island in Persian Gulf. This island can be considered as diversity pole of Iran’s natural environment. There can be found 220 species of bird, 30 species of reptiles 20 species of mammals in this island. From greatest mammals such as humpback whales with weight of 45 tones to smallest mammals with 3.1 grams weigh, a creature smaller than a little mouse! Can be seen in this island.
This island has a lot of natural and cultural attractiveness’s where we point to some of those:
Qeshm geopark: This is the first registered geopark of Iran in UNESCO with 8 geosites where is the most important natural attractiveness of Qeshm. This geopark encompasses valley of statues, Chahkooh strait, Doolab, Namakdan mountain, shour valley and Koorkoora mountain. Each one of these sites is a unique geologic phenomenon. Museum of geopark exhibits samples of island’s stones, minerals fossils and also these materials of other regions in accompany with pictures of geologic phenomena of Island.
Herra forests: Herra is an halophyte tree at sizes of 3 to 6 meters where sinks up to most of it’s parts at high tides and due to it’s filtration property of it’s bark, absorb sea water and repels it’s salt. One of the most beautiful Herra tree forests is in Qeshm island.
Laft port: One of th e most beautiful village of Qeshm islands with interesting wind traps is Laft where most of it’s houses have wind trap. Narrow alleys of village beside beautiful palms provide a very pleasant view in front of travelers’ eyes. Many ships berth in Laft port and a traditional boat manufacturing plant is also functioning in this port. There are also ancient relics in geopark limits which their oldness returns to Median era.
This fort is the most important castle where is remnant of Portuguese domination on coastal line and islands of Persian Gulf and has been constructed by order of Afonso de Albuquerque Portuguese seaman in 1507 A.D. Plan of fort is irregular polygon with thick walls and very strong building. It has several towers with heights of about 12m. Indoor facilities are weapons go downs, cistern, church and some rooms with crescent ceilings.
At Shah Abbass Safavid era, this fort was conquered by Imam Gholi Khan and Portuguese domination on this region was terminated. Other Portuguese forts are available in coastal line of Persian Gulf such as Qeshm Portuguese fort, Kong, Oman, Rasolkheimeh and Jazzi forts.