Kerman is the capital city of Kerman Province, Iran. It is the largest and most developed city in Kerman Province and the most important city in the southeast of Iran. It is also one of the largest cities of Iran in terms of area. Kerman is famous for its long history and strong cultural heritage. The city is home to many historic mosques and Zoroastrian fire temples. Kerman is also on the recent list of the world’s 1000 cleanest cities. Kerman became capital city of Iranian dynasties several times during its history. It is located on a large, flat plain, 800 km (500 mi) south-east of Tehran, the capital of Iran. The city’s many districts are surrounded by mountains that bring variety to Kerman’s year-round weather pattern. The northern part of the city is located in an arid desert area, while the highland of the southern part of the city enjoys a more moderate climate. Kerman is among several cites in Iran with a strong cultural heritage, which is expressed in the local accent, poetry, local music, handicrafts and customs that Kerman has introduced to the world.
Area of this park is about 150 thousand hectares and encompasses snow height of 3860m to low level plains with height of 1040m hot climate. Because of this has variety in climates from desert dry to semi dry cold. Distinct flora species of this park are turpentine tree, almond, peanut, juniper, acer, small lote and olive. There are 164 fauna species in this park where the most important ones are Chinkara, ewe and ram, goat deer, leopard, caracal, wild cat and Pallas’s cat.
Important birds of this park are bustard, Iran robin, black partridge, heron, green head, harrier, shrike, titmice various birds of prey. Khober national park is a part of Roochoun wildlife shelter and because of it’s high importance is selected as national park. To visit this region obtaining permission from Iran environment organization is needed.
This is fifth registered relic in Iran. In July 6, 2004, this relic was registered as in threat heritage in UNESCO. It’s located in Kerman province and northeast of Bamm city. Citadel or Arg means small castle within city or larger castle which would be base of governing establishment. This complex of civic or castle orianated is in an area of 20 hectare with dimensions of 430m x 520m where the citadel of Bamm is positioned at center of complex, thus the whole complex is known as Bamm citadel.
It’s the largest and oldest sun dried built construction in whole world where has been constructed about five hundred years before Christ. There are a all around foss which encompass structure to protect it from enemies invansion. Circumference of. Complex is 1815m where has 38 observing and watch towers on it’s ramparts. Heights of it’s barriers had been 6m to 7m. Construction of this structure is probably returned to 2000 years ago and Parthian era. This castle was always important and remarkable, because it’s located at Silk Road and has been functional at different periods of history. However, this castle has been ruined by different factors and again been repaired in succeeding period, thus it has indications of each period of history. Materials such as raw Sun dried brick, mortar, clay mud, straw and sometimes stone and stem of palm trees have been used in it’s construction. This city or fort has been designed in such way that, residents of fort can survive completely isolated and soldiers protect the fort Inside the castle, foodstuff were maintained by planting and cultivations where potable water also was available through wells. Main gate of this complex was located at Southern side. However, there was another gate at north where was closed. Main or South gate probably had an arch from Sassanian era and also two towers vestibules at both sides which maybe the later have been developed beside main gate at Safavid era. This complex encompasses different parts. The most important component of this complex is it’s dais or the same citadel where is located at top of the huge rock at north flank of complex. The citadel itself embraces some structures such as main tower, four season mansion, governor’s house, hammam, house of commander in chief A bulding where known as windmill, barrack, gate Sassanian, prison, a barn with 200 horses capacity and tower rampart of whole complex. Four season mansion is a three storey building and all governorship activities were conducted at this place. An special private hammam a water well also has been located at the side of four season mansion. Another part of this complex is civic and public spaces including entrance gate, square, open space, row of shops, principal mosque, building of polestar gymnasium tomb, corridors house of Jahut, Takeyyeh open space, prophet mosque, hammam, school Monastery, barn, building of head green and residential quarters. There have been 400 houses in civic public spaces, where are different in number of rooms and dimensions. Some houses have only two rooms where are belonged to poor classes of society and some others is larger with 3 to 4 rooms. Some houses but a few courtyard barn to keep farm animals. One of the historical memory related to this citadel is seizure of Lotfali Khan Zand by Mohammad Khan Zaboli the governor of Bamm castle. This complex have had some residents even since 150 years ago, when they gradually left the citadel and resided at surrounding regions of that. Bamm citadel was badly damaged by earthquake in 1382 S. H. and almost 80 percent of complex was ruined, hence enlisted in list of in threat relies of UNESCO Fortunately. Cultural heritage organization by assistance of experts from different countries such as Italy, France Japan has started to repair this relic because of it’s attempts the complex came out of the list of in threat relies of UNESCO in June 2013 and was registered in world’s relics.
Delfard region with Mediterranean climate is one of the special regions of Kerman province, where is located in a very beautiful valley and many species of hot climate fruits may be seen together with cold climate fruits at a short physical distance. Beautiful village of Delfard is located in same region. In this village various kind of hot climate’s fruit such as Dates citruses are seen with cold climate fruits such as cherry apricot also walnut grows here. There are also waterfalls within this valley mountainous route.
It’s called Karraf too castling. Considering conducted excavations and discoveries, it’s probable that, this cave has been formed at third geological ages. It’s ancient history returns to Parthian era. However, some researches suggested that some relics of human life are discovered in this cave which belong to fourth millennium B.C. entrance way o cave starts by stairway of foot of mountain and entrance is located at second floor. Different storeys of cave are connected to each other through stairway and passage ways. There are about 25 chambers in this cave where some of them were ruined in the course of time. Many of it’s carvings on stones have been vanished or damaged by paintings and wordings on the wall by some ignorant visitors. The most beautiful part of this cave's architecture is it’s third floor where in addition to accuracy in cut and carvings of chambers, special form of ceilings in arch shapes and developing portals and thresholds, windows and roof lights also applied embellishments are of great importance, while by considering it’s embellishments of windows is comparable with available relics in Nowshijan in Hummadan hill of Median era. On the fore piece of one of the third floor's portals a Greek epigraph which is mostly damaged can be seen. In this epigraph Heracles Goddess is recalled and because of this epigraph, many experts name this cave as "temple of Greek Goddess", epigraph said that this is residence location of Heracles, where evilness does not enter here". Present of this epigraph causes that some experts believe that place was temporary in a period of time used as a base and resident of Seleucid Macedonian Alexander's successors who moved to west of Iran after conquests of second Parthian Mehrdad. Furthermore, in connecting corridor of first floor to second floor of cave a memory wordings has been carved by Azkhanikoff Russian orient list which suggest his visit in 1917A.D. natural part of cave has length of about 600m and it’s height is varied from 1 to 12m. This cave also is one of the caves which are under authority of cultural Heritage organization's management and since it’s located at a high level from ground, a metallic stairways developed to reach entrance of the cave and be used by all interested people. There are developed landscapes around outside district of cave and parking lots, sanitary services are also built for visitors.
Peak of this mountain has height of 4501m and is fourth highest peak among Iran’s mountains and has a notable position in the region.
This mountain is one of the resources of Halliroud river, it’s name is after thousands medicinal herbs which are available in the region.
Klouts or Yardangs are located on the way which connects Kerman province to South Khorrassan province and is one of the most beautiful roads at desert where two villages of Seif deh Salmdeh at distant of 220 km without any residence point are between these two provinces on this route. Yardangs are beautiful relics of wind water abrasion in desert which made a beautiful appearance of walls Cracks on rocks.
Lout desert’s Klouts are spread in an area of 80 km to 120 km and this route is one of the worth visiting points of this desert. At nearby to this place, Gandom Berian region is located where one at the hottest points in the world is. It’s better not crossing desert with only one car and without local guide. Desert can be as dangerous as is beautiful.
There are many ancient it’s at Jirouft city limits where ancient hill of Sandal village is the most important one oldness of this district returns to third millennium before Christ.
There are found remaining of a city which had a fort at top of a hill.
This garden where is one of the most beautiful gardens of Iran, has been constructed at end of Qajar era Registered year of the garden is 1276 S. H. the garden is built by order of Mohammad Hassan Khan Sardar it’s mansion also constructed by order of Nasseroldoleh, but Nasseroldoleh has demised before completion of building and this construction left uncompleted, thus there are not a lot of embellishments.
Area of garden is 5.5 hectares and is in compliance with principles of Iranian gardens. In this garden where it’s general form is rectangular with dimensions of 407m length and width of 122m, water stream flows in symmetry along the length of rectangle in a multi level form. There are fountains in these streams which gives the flow path of water a very beautiful and unique appearance. Two mansions at top and down the plot Main mansion entrance portal are erected. This relic is registered in Iran’s national relics list and also in list of UNESCO’S Iranian gardens.
This bazaar is one of the long covered bazaars of Iran where has different rows of shops which have been built at different governors era. Generally, bazaar has been constructed from eighth century A.H. to early years of Pahlavi era, where encompasses a major part of historical relics of this city. Similar to other bazaars of Iran.
This bazaar also has some components such as mosque, school, caravansarai, derived bazaar, hammam, four suks, row of shops and It’s worth pointing to various parts of that known as Ganjali Khan bazaar, Ekhtiari bazaar, Gold bazaar of Qeysariyeh, Coppersmiths bazaar, Shoemakers bazaar, felt hat makers bazaar, ironsmiths bazaar, Aziz bazaar, medicinal herb sellers bazaar, Mozzaffari bazaar, Ghadamgah bazaar, Mahmmood’s castle bazaar and castle bazaar. Cumin seed is the most important provided product of this bazaar. This bazaar was enlisted as national relics of Iran in 2001 1380 S. H.
In this several thousand years old village, all structures have been carved in form of caves at core of the mountain, where this place is one of the first biospheres of human. This is also probable that these structures were developed based on religious aims in course of time changed its functionality to residential. These constructions because of being carved inside an integrated huge rock are very strong and have consistence during previous centuries.
Shaliar Peer is one of the persons who had had many pupils and there are a lot of myths about him. He has a very simple and friendly tomb. From Horamman a mountainous road with very high sea level passes where it ends to city of Paveh. This road a territorial and very beautiful route. It has very descending slopes and to pass this road needs high accuracy in driving. At the top of Tatteh defile, In this village, not only houses local term is Kicheh, but also public spaces mosque, theatre of passionate plays Hosseiniyeh also carved inside stem of rocks and people still are living there. This village besides it’s very interesting form has facilities such as electricity water systems where life normally goes on. About 400 houses are in this village where are various regarding area Maximum 90 and number of rooms and located at five floors. Largest area belongs to Hosseiniyeh is about 200 where is carved within rocks by using 4 pillars. This village currently has permanent site of cultural heritage organization.territorial city of Halabcheh in Iraq can be seen easily.
This cave has the widest largest entrance of Iran’s caves. It’s opening with height of 92m and width of 80m is located at the foot of mountain. Native people believe that reverent Ayoob has been living here for some times and his trace has left on a rock inside the cave, because of this belief, this cave functions as a sacred place.
There is a short waterfall inside the cave. It’s one hour walk from foot of mountain to entrance of cave.