Kurdistan Province is one of the 31 provinces of Iran, not to be confused with the greater unofficial geographical area of Iranian Kurdistan. The province of Kurdistan is 28,817 km² in area which encompasses just one-fourth of the Kurdish inhabited areas of Iran or Iranian Kurdistan. It is located in the west of Iran, in Region 3, and bound by Iraq on the west, the province of West Azerbaijan to it’s north, Zanjan to the northeast, Hamedan to the east and Kermanshah to the south. The capital of Kurdistan Province is the city of Sanandaj.
Oldness of this castle returns to 6000 years before median and mannian era, but by considering some discovered earthenware's in this place it was functional at Sassanian era and even up to sixth and seventh centuries A.H. area of this ancient castle is 5000 m2 and there are very deep valleys around this castle and only one route is available to access the castle where this also is man built as only one person can pass it
In order to entry and exit to and from this castle, there is not any infrastructure and even stairway or any welfare facility. Thus it’s better to observe safety points to visit the castle. However, the notable remark is very beautiful natural views of surrounded region and position of castle inside Ghomchegha protected zone which adds to castle's beauty.
There are thick jungle covered mountains around the village where is very beautiful in spring time. One of the features of this village is it’s ancient Quran in mosque of village.
There are a small fishery complex in this village.
This cave is the most important cave of Kordestan province and is registered in list of Iran's national relics. It located at foot of a lime mountain. The cave is consisted of two man made and natural parts. Man made parts added to natural part during different periods of history and altered many times in compliance to it’s human residential functionality. It’s architecture is rock oriented and designed in four storeys within core of mountain. Because of it’s structure form and height to ground level where not notable up to the top of mountain.
It’s called Karraf too castling. Considering conducted excavations and discoveries, it’s probable that, this cave has been formed at third geological ages. It’s ancient history returns to Parthian era. However, some researches suggested that some relics of human life are discovered in this cave which belong to fourth millennium B.C. entrance way o cave starts by stairway of foot of mountain and entrance is located at second floor. Different storeys of cave are connected to each other through stairway and passage ways. There are about 25 chambers in this cave where some of them were ruined in the course of time. Many of it’s carvings on stones have been vanished or damaged by paintings and wordings on the wall by some ignorant visitors. The most beautiful part of this cave's architecture is it’s third floor where in addition to accuracy in cut and carvings of chambers, special form of ceilings in arch shapes and developing portals and thresholds, windows and roof lights also applied embellishments are of great importance, while by considering it’s embellishments of windows is comparable with available relics in Nowshijan in Hummadan hill of Median era. On the fore piece of one of the third floor's portals a Greek epigraph which is mostly damaged can be seen. In this epigraph Heracles Goddess is recalled and because of this epigraph, many experts name this cave as "temple of Greek Goddess", epigraph said that this is residence location of Heracles, where evilness does not enter here". Present of this epigraph causes that some experts believe that place was temporary in a period of time used as a base and resident of Seleucid Macedonian Alexander's successors who moved to west of Iran after conquests of second Parthian Mehrdad. Furthermore, in connecting corridor of first floor to second floor of cave a memory wordings has been carved by Azkhanikoff Russian orient list which suggest his visit in 1917A.D. natural part of cave has length of about 600m and it’s height is varied from 1 to 12m. This cave also is one of the caves which are under authority of cultural Heritage organization's management and since it’s located at a high level from ground, a metallic stairways developed to reach entrance of the cave and be used by all interested people. There are developed landscapes around outside district of cave and parking lots, sanitary services are also built for visitors.
Oldness of this ancient hill returns to first millennium before Christ and median and mannian reign. On the top of this 40 hectare hill, a castle is located where was consisted of different parts such as parlours, courtyard chambers this castle where was a citadel is protable functional up to early periods of Achaemenid era and after that it also lost it’s glory. The castle was one of the masterpiece in architectural field of it’s time where was constructed in three storeys and had a significant importance.
Many relics have been discovered in this hill and unfortunately because of same discoveries is under focus of smugglers of antique items and bears a lot of damages and it also has not quality protection equipments. Many discovered relics of this hill are preserved in ancient Iran's museum. The most important relics of this hill are golden eagle's head and golden necklaces and different ornamental items. This region is registered.
Construction of this house is begun at Safavid era and in Qajar and Phlavi periods also some parts attached to original structure. Founder of this monument is a man named Mirza Ali Naghi Khan Lashkar Nevis or Assef Alaazam. Area of this monument is 4000 m2 and has 5 separate structures and 4 courtyard. Beautiful embellishments such as carving, cornice and mocarable are used in this mansion.
The place was become under authority of cultural heritage organization in 1382 and currently people can visit this museum where is under name of "Kord house”.
Oldness of this Quran returns to this century A.H. and as native people believe, it’s one of the 4 Qurans which have been written at Otteman era and sent to different places. This Quran is in Kufic script and designed with arabesque Eslimi patterns. It’s cover is made of brown color leather and because of thickness of it’s sheets is known as gizelle's skin.
This historic Quran has a great respect for local public and people have great interest to this holly book. Because of it’s value many times was stolen but by attempts of people and authorities has been found again.
The place is consisted of two mountains which are large Abidar and small Abidar. Because of abundant water in region's springs and subterranean sources and existence of several orchards under names such as Ammaniyeh and Ameeriyeh, is known as resort and recreational district. Since it’s near to and accessible from Sannandaj city, it’s considered as one of the recreational districts of this city.
Several welfare facilities are developed in this limit such as open air cinema which it’s wide screen can satisfy up to 10 thousand persons.
It’s water is fresh and has an area of 2000 hectares. However, it’s surface changes a little depending on season and level of rainfall. Average depth of lake is 10m. Origin of lake's water is precipitation and existing springs at the bottom ground of lake. In winters because of freshness of water and cold weather surface of lake freezes and creates a very beautiful view. There are numerous reed beeds around the lake. About 30 species of native and migrating birds reside around the lake. Among notable birds of this region are many species of ducks and grebes.
This lake has suitable capacity of fishing and it’s marine life comprises of ordinary carp fish, grass carp, silver carp, black fish, Ammor like, herring, caras and throned eel. This lake is one of the most beautiful natural heritages of Kordestan province where currently become a recreational place for Mariwan residents and other cities interested groups. Boating also available in this lake. There are residential facilities around the lake and also in Mariwan city.
Architecture style of this place is multi level and same as Massouleh village but at much wider area. Special ceremonies and rituals, present of Shaliar Peer's tomb and number of resident population in particular are indications of this region's importance. Although this region has abundant numbers of orchard and village life style, but because of it’s high number of population became city. Shaliar Peer ceremony holds every year in February at this place.
Shaliar Peer is one of the persons who had had many pupils and there are a lot of myths about him. He has a very simple and friendly tomb. From Horamman a mountainous road with very high sea level passes where it ends to city of Paveh. This road a territorial and very beautiful route. It has very descending slopes and to pass this road needs high accuracy in driving. At the top of Tatteh defile, territorial city of Halabcheh in Iraq can be seen easily.
Sirvan river is flowing at north of village and Tanguver rive that is one of the Sirvan river's branches is flowing through village. Palangan village is one of the oldest villages of Kordestan province and embraces diversified relics inside it. One of the important historical ,monuments are Palangan castle, remainings of fire temple and historical bridges across Tanguver river.
Multi level architecture with small porches and wooden windows of houses give a very beautiful appearance to this village. Seyed Aaladin, Khatoon and shiteh springs where are located inside Sheikh Ommar garden are natural attractive nesses of village. At 10 km from palangan village to the northwest and foot of Guaz village's mountains there are mineral springs, color of exiting water of these spring is milky which reason of sulfur and fero materials is. Sulfur waters are useful for drinking and healing some dermal disease and also respiratory, rheumatism and skin related disorders.