Markazi lies in western Iran. Its capital is Arak. The present borders of the province date to the 1977, when the province was split into the current Markazi and the Tehran Province, with portions being annexed by Esfahan, Semnan Province, and Zanjan. Markazi The word markazi means central in Persian. Markazi province was part of the Median Empire in the first millennium BC , which included all of the central and western parts of modern-day Iran. The region is considered to be one of the ancient settlements on the Iranian plateau. Numerous remaining ruins testify to the antiquity of this area. In the early centuries Islam , the name of the area was changed to Jibal or Qahestan . By the early 10th century , Khorheh had become a famous city of Jibal province , followed by Tafresh and Khomein. In recent times , the expansion of the North-South railroad (commonly known as the Persian Corridor) and the establishing of major industries helped boost development in the area.
Original structure of this bazaar was constructed about 300 years ago at Fathali Shah Qajar era, by order of governor of city, Sepahdar Aazam. This bazaar with area of 14 hectares includes hammam, mosque, school, cisterns, passage ways, caravansarai. Bazaar has two north south with length of 720m and east, west with length of 200m passage ways which at their crossing point or four suks a stone pond is developed.
Bazaar roof is also in dome shape where the largest dome is located above four suks. Next to bazaar, there are mosque school named Sepahdar. The most beautiful rows of outlets where preserves it’s original structure is Kashani row of outlets which is carpet bazaar.
Oldness of this structure returns to Ilkhanate era. This is tomb of Imam Mousabin Jaafar’s son. Structure’s plan is octagonal with brick work where in the course of time its external embellishments were vanished. There is a dome above the structure. But the most invaluable part of this place is cornices moldings of inside space of tomb. It’s entrance is located at east side. It has a very beautiful altar with pleasant patterns of molding works an epigraph of Moemmenon Ekhlass chapters of Quran in truth and Kufic scripts. Koudarz is a mountainous village with cold climate.
A list of important parks is mentioned below: Alimestan forest: It’s on the Haraz road in Amol city at Alimestan village. This jungle track is location of Allium which a leek species and grows in May.
Andarklai forest: It’s located at 5 km distance to Shirgah city. The villages of this forest’s region are Chaibagh, Tapehsar, Chalioshour, Kheilami where are suitable summer locations. Ilmilli forest park: It’s located at 5 km to west of Ramsar. Area of Ilmilli forest park is 96 hectare. The welfare recreational complex of Ramsar named Shahr Sabz Shahr Sabz gondola lift is in this region. This complex has facilities such as: Carting track, pint ball field, marine club Jet Ski, beautiful resorts, musical water jets, water fire water jets, beach alcoves, beautiful jungle village with equipped chalets and residential suites.
Babol Kenar forest park: it’s located at 22 km. South of Babol city on route of Yegenja Forouz. At left hand side of road a sign board indicating Babol natural forest park. This park has 760 hectare area.
Babol Bozcheft forest park: it’s located at 25 km south of Babol city on route of Bandpay road in Bozcheft village. Facilities of this region are children play ground, traditional coffee house, water spring and sanitary services. Area of this park is 716 hectare.
Shemshad Banafsheh forest park: This park is at 12 km west of Chalous city. Shemshad Banafsheh forest park with area of 650 hectares placed at Namak Abroud region.
Telard forest park: it’s located at 7 km of Qaem Shahr at a route that is called Nezami road. It has facilities such as sanitary services and football ground. A lake named Nezami Road Lake also is beside this park. Area of park is 160 hectares.
Jazzin forest park: it’s between Fereidoonkenar in villages of Jazzin, Oxer and Zahedkolah. Region’s area is about 60 hectares.
Javarem forest park: it’s at 6 km to Shirgah. It has facilities such as asphalt access road, sand paved area residential places with camping areas, rest rooms, prayer room, shop. Area of Javarem forest park is about 365 hectares.
Kharmachall forest park: park is located at 7 km to Abbassabad on the route of Kelardasht road.
Chaldareh forest park: it’s located at 18 km to Tonkabon on the route of Dohezar. Park district has parking lots, rest rooms, water electricity and alcoves. Area of park is 94 hectares. Chaldasht Seighal Mahaleh forest park: park is located at 26 km of south side of Ramsar on route of Ramsar to Javaherdeh. One of features of this park is it’s situation in region where families can climb mountains. A plain covered with grass tall lawns is of advantages of this park.
Dalkhani forest park: is located at 30 km southeast of Ramsar on route of Ramsar to Tonkabon and extension road of Janat Roudbar. It’s a very beautiful jungle which tourists call it corridor of paradise. Area of this park is 600 thousands square meter.
Royan forest park: is located at 11 km to Royan. It has facilities such as rest rooms, Alcoves for rest and children’s play ground.
Salardeh forest park: at 12 km south of Sari is forest park. Salardeh hotel is built in this park limits.
Seasangan forest park: is located at 27 km east of Noushahr at route of Noushahr to Noor. It’s the only reservoir of box – tree in country and Middle East. It has facilities such as shop, large shelter, Khoorgasht district for picknich. Camping area, Children Park, Wind Park, horse riding manage, Jet Ski club, boat club, beach sports fields football, volleyball, coffee shop, restaurant, buffet, unique shop computer games, 13 rest rooms, potable water platform and permanent exhibition building for natural resources. Area of this park is about 602 hectares. Shahid Zaareh Park Hoolar: It’s located at 3 km east of Sary city at route of Sary to Nekka. It has facilities such as rest rooms, Alcoves, coffee shop, traditional coffee house, prayer room, skate track, play ground, water taking platforms. Area of this park is 70 hectare. Safarood forest park: Park is located at 9 km to west circle of Ramsar city at the route of Javaherdeh. This region has a very special appearance by having jungle, river, mineral spring pleasant climate.
Tahbaz forest park: it’s located 400m from Mahmoodabad city centre. Park has facilities such as rest rooms, prayer room, entertainment unit, platform for tents, sport recreational facilities.
Abbassabad forest park: it’s at 9 km southeast of Behshahr city at route of Behshahr to Gloogah. Inside this jungle region, there is a collection of invaluable relics of Safavid era. Park has facilities such as modern equipped restaurant, traditional coffee house, coffee shop, and variety play grounds for children, prayer room, rest rooms, parking lots, a beautiful stone paved path boat station and can be a beautiful and calmative environment for tourists. Area of park is 138 hectares.
Finn Chalous forest park: it’s located at 7 km south of Chalous city at belt route of Chalous to Tehran. There is a camping area inside park where has cottages and hots for residence of travelers and special facilities such as table, bench and play ground for children are available in this park.
Kashpel forest park: at 3 km to west of Chemestan in summer place named Lavij, this park is placed. It has mineral spring, alcoves, fence, stone stairs, food stuff shop, kebab house, play ground for children fields for football volleyball also rest rooms. Area of this park is 21.7 hectares.
Koohsar Kandeh forest park: it’s located at 3 km to Nekka city in Koohsar Kandeh village. Another tourism attractiveness of this region is Imam’s son tomb of Jaafar. Mirza Koochak Khan forest park: at 20 km to Amol city on the route of Amol to Tehran, this Park is placed. It has facilities such as water, electricity, rest rooms, alcoves, tents platform, and children’s playing equipments. Area of this park is 420 hectares.
Noor forest park: it’s located at 5 km to Noor city at route of Noor to Mahmood Abad. It has facilities such as beautiful equipped restaurant, wooden alcoves in numbers, children playing parks, mosque, rest rooms sport fields. Area of this park is about 400 hectares. Namak Abrood forest park: Park is located at 12 km west of Chalous. One of the most important tourism components of Namak Abrood is its gondola lift. Area of this park is more than 200 hectares. Holloomsar forest park: This park is located at 1 km distance from Amol at route of Amol to Tehran. It has facilities such as rest rooms, water for drinking, beton platforms for rest of travelers, prayer room, alcoves traditional coffee shop, trashes, Kebab oven place.
Area of this lake is varying between 100 to 110 k . Water of this lake is very salty and its origin is surface waters rainfalls. This lake is seasonal and it’s water’s level ascending by rainfalls of autumn winter in dry seasons of year, lake becomes swamp and salt marsh. In autumn early winter migrating birds reside around the lake, of distinct birds are grey heron, shelduck, tadorna, variety of ducks, gull, manian gull, ibis. Some halophyte plants which are named Gharahdagh are available around the lake.
This plants which are native of region are like barrier against shifting sands. Many factors threat this lake and in case of lake draughtiness, many problems which the most important one is haze phenomenon.
The region has been used as hunting ground at Qajar era and existence of 400 excavated epigraph on it’s mountains which belong to 400 years ago are evidence for it’s historical record. It’s announced forbidden hunting zone in 1349 S.H. and in 1353 S.H. by attaching some other areas to this, has announced to be environment protected zone. Region has a hill dale, mountainous environment.
The most important mountain range of this region is Haftad ghaleaa where highest one is at 2686 m. This region has not Permanent River, thus lack of water is tangible in the zone. Important fauna species of this region are goat capra deer, ewe ram, gizelle, boar, wolf, jackal, hyena, wild cat, panther and 71 species of bird have been counted in this zone. Two safe zones of northern southern in order to protect fauna species are announced identified. There are 3 environment watch bases for protection of this region. Entering to this region needs permission of Iran’s environment organization.
This building has been constructed at Qajar era and has oldness of 170 years. Area of it’s plot is four thousand and 300 square meters where 4 courtyards have which none of them is located as central point of architectural form. Imam Khomeini (PBUH) was born at twentieth Jamadiolsani of 1320 A.H. in this city. This building is an assembly location for Imam Khomeini supporters because he was founder of revolution and many political figures still are interested to visit this place and history of this influential figure in history.
This relic has been registered in Iran’s national relics and is one of the most populated of visitors place in province
Main opening entrance of this cave has 10m width and it’s height is between 10 to 40m. Cave has a main axis and many derived branches. There are very beautiful underlain karsts. Almost as percent of cave’s walls are made of dripped and dripping capsicum salts deposits and only 5 percent covered by stone. Seeable parts of this cave are a collection of halls under the names of forty column, bride, cauliflowers, mud fall, dragon Farsang.
In the lower part of this cave, there is a small lake, but it’s not correct to call it a lake or water cave. The cave is registered in Iran’s natural relics list and is going to be one of the caves which are under management of cultural heritage organization and would be open to public visit. Length of prepared part for public visit is 1200 m, however the length of cave is more than this and to see other parts, spelunker’s equipments are needed.
Construction’s oldness of this mosque returns to early centuries of Islam and probably fourth century A.H. Mosque has been repaired in successive periods and some parts added to original structure. Different materials were used in different period of history in repairing original building. Dome house is located at south side of mosque and it has a double layered dome where layers are separated.
Inside dome house an alter with beautiful moldings from safavid era in notable. Its brick minaret where is built at Saljuk era with about 30 m height is seeable at north east of mosque. At Mongols invasion to Iran, the library of mosque with invaluable book was put in fire.
This city has many beautiful water points where are used as recreational places by public. The most important are:
Abbassabad water point: It’s located at 2 km east of Shazand. This spring has flux of 300 liters per second and is a spring with abundant water. It’s water is potable. Ammarat water point: It’s located on route of Shazand to Ghadamgah in Ammarat village.
It’s water flux is 800 liters per second and is main origin of Gharahchai River. It makes a swamp inside village, where is habitat of birds and also a recreational place. Escan spring: It’s located at 19 km northwest of Shazand and at vicinity of Eskan village with water flux of 200 .
This region is located at both sides of a road divided into two eastern western parts. Area of region is about 110 hectare. According to primary studies, date of foundation of this region returns to Ilkhanante era at seventh eighth centuries A.H. where improved and expanded at Timurid Safavid times and finally completely vanished at Qajar era.
During revolution of Zolfabad residents against central governorship, historical region of Zolfabad exposed to water flow and their revolution defeated.
This district with area of 3000 encompasses several relics from Parthian Islamic era. Historians recalled this complex as fire temple, temple, palace and centre of holding parties, national ceremonies and rituals, summer mansion house and cemetery. Important relics of this complex are remnants of Khoorheh ancient temple where is assigned to Seleucids era third and fourth centuries and is known as Selucid temple.
Two remaining stone columns at height of 8m and their plinths are also components of this temple. Another relic of this village is stone epigraph which is assign to Saljuk era. Other cultural natural attractiveness’s such as Shahbolbol cave, cow whole cave and Imam’s son tomb of Khoorheh are in this district.
This spring’s have waters with at least c temperature and are classified at category of very hot springs. In chemical view, water of these springs are with agents of sulfate calcium and useful in gout disease and also diseases of digestion system, liver, bile and renal.
This region has hydrotherapy facilities and after Sarain has importance in this regard. Hydrotherapy complex has pool, washing tubs, restaurant, coffee shop and residential places for tourists.
It’s one of the high flux springs of province and some historians believe that this spring is reason to develop Mahallat city at it’s lower level. This spring by having pleasant climate and many old plane trees around, becomes a recreational place.
There are facilities such as restaurant, coffee shop, traditional tea house, camping platforms, funfair and outlet for selling flower plants in it’s environment.