North Khorasan is located in northeastern Iran. Bojnord is the capital of the province. Northern Khorasan province is one of the most diverse territories in Iran today, largely reflecting the ethnic makeup of Iran. Kurdish speakers make up 46.1%, forming the relative majority (plurality) of the population. The next largest group is Persian speakers which makeup 27.8% of the population, Khorasani Turks makeup 20.6% and Turkmens make up about 3.3% and other Iranians make up 2.2% of the population. There used to be a sizeable population of Lurs who used to inhabit this province, however most returned to their native area in western Iran as there are no signs of them in the province today. Previously there used to be a sizeable community of Arabs who settled in the area during the Arab invasion of Iran, however by 1875 they had interma rried so extensively with Persians and Turks that they were undistinguishable in feature and language, having largely abandoned the Arab language and culture in favour of the local one.
The best route to see these jungles is through this village. This jungle is in continuation of Hirkani jungles of eastern part of country and is considered as natural attractive nesses of this province. This village is also mountain track of climbing Yaman Daghi peak. This village is located longitudinal to valley, thus is name Darrehkesh (extended along) or Darkesh and Darkesh river also passing through village.
About 200 households are it’s population and their native language is called Kermanji. Sabzali Khan Gharachorlou tower with a century oldness is cultural and historical relics of this village. This village can be aim point for tourism and has Orchards & different species of medicinal herbs.
It’s probable that Esfandiar son of Goshtasb was founder of this city. At ancient time, the city name was Esfarayen (Esperayen or Saffarayen) and after it’s ruining again was named Belghis. Peak of this city glory was at conquered by Muslems in 31 A.H. daily life of residents continues up to date Safavid era but in 1131 A.H. at Second Tahmassb region and early Nader era, it was ruined and abandoned by Afghans with 180 hectare area.
This ancient city embraces relics of citadel and circumference fosse, rampart and tower, Sheik Azari's tomb, some ruins known as Monar hill (principal Mosque), pottery Klin, cristern, bazaar, caravanserai, structure which is known as icehouses and a extended cemetery near east gate. The most important part of this ancient city is it’s citadel where is known as Nareen castle. Nareen castle is second structure after Bam citadel that is mud building of Sassanian architecture by using sun dried bricks and mud. This citadel have 29 towers with height of 11m. A great portion of Belgheis's ancient cidal wall is repaired and museum sites are developed in this historical district.
Area of this park is about 17 thousands hectare and is mountainous and in some part is plain with dry and semidry climates. Topographic conditions and climates of this region cause a very high diversity in wildlife of region.
Important species of wild animals are urinal mouflon, gazelle, goat and antelope, panter, wild cat, Sable and available birds are grouse, falcon, khaki partridge, owl, lark, silviidae, finch, starling, partridge, Caspian snow cock and cuckoo. Important plants of this region are juniper, howthorn, barberry and wild eglantine. To visit this region, and all protected zones of environment organization obtaining permission from Tehran or North Khorrassan offices of organization is compulsory.
Have a vast region of 28 thousands hectare and a mountainous nature. Important wildlife species in this park are panter, hyena, wolf, fox, wildcat, urial, ouflon, gazelle and it’s important bird is partridge.
Region has high diversity in vegetation cover and about 200 plants species maybe found in this place where the most important is santonica,baginaceae plum, milk vetch and galbanum is very abundant and all protected zones of environment organization, obtaining permission from Tehran or North Khorrassan offices of organization is compulsory.
Village has multi level architecture and is considered as one of the green and beautiful villages of province. This mountainous village has temperature climate in summer time but its winters are cold and snowy. It’s worth point to apple, pear, walnut, grapes, peach and apricot as fruit of this village. Another attractiveness of this village is tomb of Mollah Aref Rooeini and also Imam's son named Isacc's tomb is place of arrractiction.
Souvenirs of this village are veil, cloth towel, walnut, honey and orchard and domestic animals related products. This village is appointed as aim of tourism in province.
Consists of two buildings. Mofagham mansion and Mofakham mirror house, it was constructed by order of yar Mohammad Khan Shadlou known as Sardar Mofakham who was governor of northern region of in 1300 A.H. to be his resident. This building is developed in two storeys with 34 rooms and 2 parlour. There are beautiful mosaic works in building's elevation. Current application of this building is archeology and anthropology museum. Mirror house of Mofakhan complex was state's office of administration and military ceremonies at Qajar era.
This building also is in two storey with 9 rooms and one parlour. Parlour is located in its second flower, walls and ceiling of par lour has very beautiful artworks with mirror and because of this parlour is called mirrorhouse. Current application of this building is also museum where historical documents and manuscripts are exhibited
Oldness of this building returns to Sassanian era. This fire temple is a four arched with a square from and a dome at the highest point of structure and made of materials such as stone and mortar of lime and ash (Sarjoo).
There is a porch at east side of structure. As native residents this relic is a church.
This park is one of the important recreational places on the way to visit sacred tomb of Imam Reza (PBUH) and is host of many interested people and visitors. Area of park is 200 hectare where has a very suitable landscape. The park is one of the oldest and most beautiful parks of Iran and embraces many old trees. In spring of this park that is known as Baba Amman spring is exiting from four points on a hill and entering several ponds. Water flux of this spring is 30m3/s, there are other springs this major one which increase beauty and freshness of the park.
A tomb of Imam's son is assign to Shahzadeh Ismaeil son of Imam Mousa Kazem is located in this part where is visited by interested people. Furthermore this park has tourism facilities and utilities including tea house, restaurant, rest rooms, funfair and children's play ground. Beside the park is a place to preserve some species of animals such as yellow deer, ewe & ram, gazelle and urial mouflon where interested people may visit this specified district. Another attractiveness of this park where is addition to developed a very beautiful environment is interesting for people who are interested in fishing.
This park is located on the route of Boujnourd's green belt and since this city is located on the way of pilgrims of Razavi harem, park has special importance. Area of this park is 450 hectares has a significant green space. Besh Ghardash's mineral spring also has healing features and it leads to a pnd. Unfortunately, this spring was dried out during previous years, but by last years rains it’s water although less but started again.
Considering the importance of this spring in the park, it’s expected that some management design implements in order to have optimal use of its water source.
Area of this region is 85 thousands hectares and has dry semidry climate. This region by having vast plains and dry and semidry climate includig Kall shour river is one of the richest steppe biospheres of country where has been protected by environment protection organization since 1352 S.H. and by including abundance of gazelles and Asian panther is one of the most significant biospheres for these two species.
Other fauna of this region are ewe, ram, wolf, hyena, caracal cat, fox, jackal and also it’s worth to point to bustard, grouse, partridge, khaki patridge, guail, grey pigeon, golden eagle and different kind of psiform wing eagles, Caspian lizard, Afghan turtle, horned snake, whip snake and club snake. Apart of this region is protected and in 1392 entitled as national park.
This building was built in 587 A.H. at early periods of Teimoorian era. This building is indeed a brick made tower with octagonal from and a dome at it’s top where includes a tomb's room which has a basement and the roof of room is ruined. Height of this dome from top portion of structure is two and a half meters. Materials such as brick and stone together with mortars of gypsum and lime with ash or sand (Sarooj) is used where in some parts in order to provide more strength, wood also is applied.
Inside the structure is covered with gypsym plaster and embellished with some paintings of vegetation patterns & hunting ground. Under roof lights of beneath dome a beautiful cornice including some versus of Quran's surah named Al Omran is seeable. This structure is tomb of a Teimoori commander whose name was Eid Khojeh and had a black grave stone but the grave stone is stol.
Natural appearance of this zone is mountainous with thinly scattered vegetation coverage. Distinct wildlife species of this region are ram, gazelle, panter and wolf. Regarding fowls, it may point to partridge and Khanki partridge. Vegetation coverage of this zone is mostly with jumper tress and there are numerous old juniper trees in this region.
This zone is summer residence of Kermanj tribes and their life style and traditions beside beautiful natural environment, make this zone a tourism oriented region.
Antiquity of this castle return to 6th centuries A.H. and contemporary to Kharazmshahian era and Mongols invasion to Iran. Architecture of castle and its geographical location have not any similarity with Ismaeilian castles. The castle's form is hexagonal and erected on a rocky hill. There are round southern towers. Materials such as rubble stone and brick with gypsum mortar are used in construction of this structure.
. There are 128 barrels assembled at passage ways and floor of towers to store water and food stuff in them. At castle's courtyard, a deep well was dug in order to having access to water. Current application of this castle is museum.